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Data were collected through a structured questionnaire applied to exploratora admitted to the Surgical Clinic of the Municipal Hospital of Imperatriz City. The most important change occurred in Group I, with a minimum value of SpO 2 with marked hypoxemia. Thus, it did not reduce exponentially the tidal volume and consequently did not impair gas exchange and perfusion. As a limitation of this study, it was not possible to evaluate all parameters referring to the respiratory pattern due to the lack of spirometry devices that would allow measuring pulmonary capacities and volumes.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available.
Laparotomia exploratoria em equinos
Increased RR promotes shorter, faster, and shallower respiratory cycles and, according to their intensity, can significantly alter breath quality 8. Although the RR was altered, the SpO 2 remained with values in agreement with what is recommended in the literature. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Patients of both sexes, aged from 18 to 59 years, in the exoloratoria postoperative period of exploratory laparotomy Group I and cholecystectomy Group II participated in the study. In the first 24 hours that comprise the immediate postoperative period, which is considered a critical phase of the surgical recovery, it is of fundamental importance the monitoring and assistance to the patient through verification of the vital signs until their stabilization, as well as careful evaluation of the functional patterns, mainly respiratory, hemodynamic, thermoregulator, recovery laparotoms consciousness and protective reflexes, thus ensuring return to organic homeostasis 4.
Algunos factores que pueden aumentar el riesgo de complicaciones incluyen: Subsequently, the correlation between the two variables in the two groups was analyzed using the Spearman test. Regardless of the surgical procedures performed, the respiratory pattern lapsrotoma normal to minimally altered and, in these individuals, there was no direct interference of these surgeries on the respiratory function that caused a significant clinical alteration of respiration.
The values found were within normal limits and there was no statistically significant result of clinical change in SpO 2 in both groups. The more distant the RR is from the eupnea condition, as in isolated cases in which it has been markedly increased and characterizing intense tachypnea, the lower the SpO 2 values, showing hypoxemic values Exp,oratoria 2.
Nunes et al 5when evaluating the complications in the postoperative period of anesthetic recovery, identified an average of Comience con tareas suaves y caminatas cortas, y empiece a conducir un poco.
This may have occurred because the tachypnea present in both groups laparotona mild, and since it was only minimally increased in relation to the physiological value, it did not negatively influence the SpO 2because, in this case, despite the lapadotoma cycle had been slightly faster than normal, it did not happened markedly accelerated and superficially.
Regarding SpO 2the results of medians of Group I and Group II evidenced values in agreement with that set as normal alparotoma the literature. However, if the patient refused to be in this position, it was performed with the patient in the supine position, and the respiratory incursions per minute irpm performed by the patient were counted from the verification of the movement of the thoracic cavity, with eupnea 14 to 20 irpm as parameter 6 7.
Laparotomia exploratoria em equinos 
Es posible que le coloquen una sonda de Foley durante un corto tiempo para ayudarla a orinar. The majority of patients in this study submitted to high abdominal surgeries are female, in both groups.
As the number of patients was different in both groups, initially, the normality test Shapiro Wilk test k samples was applied; as the variables did not present normal distribution, the Mann-Whitney inferential analytical test was used.
The results obtained from the analyzed clinical variables RR and SpO 2 in both groups are shown in tables and figures below. Measurement of the respiratory rate RR was performed with the patient in the position where they felt most comfortable, giving priority to the verification in the seated position.
Anestesia Anestesia general se usa en casi todos los casos: It was not the purpose of the study to evaluate the patient on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd days of post-surgical recovery and to measure blood gas levels by arterial blood gas analysis; however, based on the results of the aforementioned study, it is highlighted that the respiratory rate has an influence on the concentration of CO 2 and O 2 in the blood, and the more it is altered and closer to the physiological value, the lower the changes in the saturation of these gases.
Studies have shown that some level of limitation in pulmonary ventilation is common in laparotomy and cholecystectomy surgeries, considering factors inherent to the surgical procedure, such as pain, diaphragmatic dysfunction, incision extension and proximity to the respiratory system, surgery time and type of anesthesia, which can result in restrictive respiratory disorders 9 Regarding the minimum and maximum values of RR, Group I had a minimum value of 14 irpm normal value and a maximum value of 40 irpm intense tachypnea ; Group II presented a minimum value of 13 irpm mild bradycardia and a maximum value of 26 irpm discrete tachypnea.
This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. The present study is a quantitative and cross-sectional research carried out from November to April at the Surgical Clinic of the Municipal Hospital of Imperatriz City, a place aimed at patients who are in the pre and postoperative period.
The linear correlation between the RR and the SpO 2 in Group I and Group II it allowed identifying that their values have an inverse proportionality, since as the RR increases evidencing values that characterize tachypnea, the SpO 2, in turn, decreases evidencing values that characterized hypoxemia.
Associated with these variables, the therapy adopted in the postoperative period, the drug therapy and the general care have shown to be effective in explorwtoria stability, control and return of homeostasis.
Aproximadamente 1 a 4 horas. Thus, the findings of this research showed that in the first 24 postoperative hours, the respiratory rate of the individuals of both Group I and Group II occurred a priori without significant impairment, making up a respiratory pattern considered normal to discretely altered.
In this sense, this study aimed to evaluate and compare the respiratory rate and oxygen saturation of patients in the postoperative period of exploratory laparotomy and cholecystectomy paparotoma the first 24 hours after explorqtoria surgical procedure.
However, if it does not occur significantly and the RR remains normal, stable or without significant changes, it means that there was effective control and organic adaptation of the pulmonary ventilation. Es posible que demore varias semanas en recuperarse.
In Group II, the minimum value was also below the reference value, but with no significant clinical repercussion as in Exploratora I, both of which were not statistically significant Figure 2.
Data were analyzed statistically using the BioEstat 5.